Fraser Valley Animal Hospital now provides comprehensive reproductive consultations and services with Dr. Selander. She will educate you on the best time to breed and provide guidance through the entire process. From sperm evaluation, ovulation, insemination, and pregnancy confirmation to birthing options; we strive to meet all your reproductive needs.

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Pre-Breeding Exam

Personalized to each pet’s needs:

  • Female – This involves taking a vaginal cytology and collecting some blood. Looking at the collected vaginal cells under the microscope helps to determine the optimum time to breed and enhances the success of pregnancy. The blood that has been collected is used to run a progesterone, a test that determines ovulation along with projected due dates. Sometimes multiple progesterone tests may need to be run. These diagnostics are all pieces of a puzzle that when put together give the doctor an idea of when the female should be bred.  
  • Male – Semen is manually collected, ideally with an in-heat female present, and is evaluated. Evaluation includes estimating the total number of sperm present per mL of semen, how motile they are and if the motility is progressive as well as assessing sperm morphology. The quality and quantity are important to determine fertility.

Artificial Insemination

There are 2 types of AI that we are using and choosing which is the preferred method will depend on a few factors. One is the success rate of achievement, along with the quality and type of semen being used; fresh/frozen/thawed. TCI (trans-cervical insemination) is the process of using a rigid endoscope to deposit semen directly into the uterus of a female dog. The most common and least technical method of artificial insemination is trans-vaginal insemination. In this technique, an insemination pipette is used to deposit semen into the vagina just in front of the cervix. 


This surgical procedure is similar to the technique used to spay an animal. An incision is made in order to expose the uterus and semen is then injected into the uterus with a needle, then the incision is closed. This procedure can be done using frozen, fresh or chilled semen.

Pregnancy Ultrasound and X-ray

Ultrasounds can be performed to confirm pregnancy and to see if the pregnancy is viable. However an accurate puppy count can not be performed on ultrasound, but a rough estimate can be given. An x-ray performed later in pregnancy is able to detect calcification of bones and thus a baby count. Sometimes it can be difficult to determine an accurate count if there is a large litter. X-rays are recommended to ensure that during birth all puppies have been delivered. If there are large skulls noted a c-section may be required to avoid a traumatic birthing experience.

Caesarean Sections and Whelping Support

Preparing for your dog’s labour and puppy care can be both exciting and fun, however knowing the signs of potential problems is extremely important. It is a good idea to keep track of your dog’s breeding date to be able to prepare appropriately. Usually, most animals deliver their babies without medical intervention. Some breeds have more challenges than others. Breeds such as brachycephalic are prone to having c-section interventions. For whelping a comfortable area should be provided and a safe confined area provided for puppies and mom after birth. 

If this is your first time breeding it is a good idea to have your pet examined prior to her due date. This will help you and your veterinarian create the best plan for you and your pregnant female. It’s always best to know in advance what to watch for if any complications arise. Our team is here to help this process be a positive one.

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